Humans have always been confronted with the issue of certain humans being oppressed due to various different social factors. Such oppression and cruel behavior on the part of humans makes a big question mark in our minds. Are they really “humans” who try to destroy humanity? In such cases, some righteous and courageous people fight for rights. They are themselves oppressed and beaten up for their freedom fight. But eventual success find its way for their relentless and righteous efforts. History notes down their name as the greatest freedom fighters ever like in the following rundown:
His revolutionary activities and heroism established during the opposition of the subcontinent against British Rule and the British-found, East India Company. Shaheed Bhagat Singh belonged to a Sikh family. He was a diligent person who didn’t simply go to war. He first studied several different revolutionists biographies then tactically applied it to his own struggle. His part in the Indian Independence Movement started by his revenge for killing of Lala Rajpat Rai. Bhagat played an important role in assassinating a British Police officer. He gave himself under custody for the murder of the police officer. Remarkably, his freedom fight didn’t even end while he was in jail.
He started a hunger strike that lasted 116 days. During this strike, he raised the awareness of the dire need for Indian prisoners to be treated equally well as European prisoners. However, he was put under trial for the assassination. With the proofs of the assassination being undoubtedly clear, he was executed at a very young age. He lived for just 23 years, but played an important role in The Independence Movement. Bhagat Singh is one of the most prominent patriot in the list of Indian freedom fighters.
Frederic Douglass started the journey of his life in an environment of oppression and captivity. He was born in 1818 in Maryland. As he grew up and gained maturity, he was confronted by the slavery and oppression of his masters. He strives hard even under such circumstances. He used every possible way to get the knowledge of writing and reading. After being successful in the escape from slavery, he continued his quest of writing and reading. Frederick Douglass took the way of writing as his voice and began outsourcing to many government and local dignitaries. He emphasized on topics like opposition to slavery, equal rights, saying no to racism and women’s rights. This popularity and keen interest led him to publish some autobiographies and narratives like “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave“.
He became a famous anti-oppression instructor. He gained huge fame to the point of even advising presidential authorities regarding abolition of slavery. His opposition to the 15th amendment which banned suffrage discrimination based on race while upholding sex-based restrictions is a proof of his support for women. Moreover, he stood up firmly against casting his vote if women weren’t given equal rights for voting. For this he was even mocked and beaten up by angry mobs. However, eventual success followed his way when in 1847, he returned to USA as an independent and massively celebrated personality.
9-Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr was a Baptist priest and social dissident. He assumed a key part in the American social liberties development from the mid-1950s until his death in 1968. Despite being born in an area full of racist opposition, King found his way. He gained a PhD degree from Boston University in systematic theology. Motivated by supporters of peacefulness, King dreamt for social balance for African Americans. He eagerly took up this challenge with great zeal. During this journey of righteousness, he was imprisoned 30 times! He was the main thrust behind notable occasions. Enraged by the imprisonment of an African-American girl over racism in public transport, he mobilized a vast number of people.
They all boycotted public transport system unless equal rights were granted for all races. This helped to finally bring about a change and a landmark enactment such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was another landmark achieved due to his remarkable efforts. His renowned speech “I have a dream” is till this date celebrated as one of the most astounding speeches ever. He was recompensed the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Che Guevara a very famous freedom fighter, was born in 1928 in Argentina. He grew up with the interest in medicine and therefore pursued his education in this field. During this journey of gaining medical education, he got shocked with the extreme hardships of hunger and poverty he witnessed. It was this point where his freedom fight for Cuban Revolution started. Due to his keen interest in freedom fighting, he abandoned the field of medicine.
He went on long voyages across South America to gain popularity amongst the oppressed. They supported him eagerly to overthrow the “Batista Government”. After his marriage, he traveled to Mexico, where he grouped up with Fidel Castro. They made joint strategic plans to overthrow Batista’s government to bring justice for South Americans. They attacked Cuba several times to crumble the Batista regime. By 1959, they succeeded in overthrowing the oppressive government. He was later appointed as president of the national bank and minister of industry. His assistance in the country’s transformation into a communist state can not be forgotten.
His speech in the United Nations condemning US foreign policy was a huge landmark achieved. He went on to explore more states where oppression existed. It was during one of these conquests that he found himself in the hands of the Bolivian army. He was eventually executed by the Bolivian army in 1967. Indeed, one of the greatest freedom fighters in the world!
7-Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle was a military personnel by profession. He is renowned as a notable figure in French history and politics. His struggle of freedom established during the Cold War. He worked as a military officer during the First World War and Second World War and was wounded several times. He himself found in trouble when he was arrested during 1st World War. At the end of the war he was released. He was a commander of tank regime. Due to his accomplishments and diligence, he was appointed as the Under Secretary for War by the French Government.
A turning point in his life was the moment when France surrendered to Germany in 1940. He couldn’t accept this defeat and escaped to England. There he established a Free French Movement, which was the real start of his freedom struggle. With the help of England’s Prime Minister, he started voicing his ideas publicly about gaining freedom. He urged upon the need to act as one nation and gain back the occupied areas under German control. Not only just voicing his ideas, but also he simultaneously started gathering troops to fight the oppression. Eventually he became president of France’s provisional government.
However, at the end of 1950’s, the crumbling French system became a serious worry and so he returned to France. He aided in the formation of a new government, thus taking over from the oppression of Germany. He became the President of France in 1959 and established an intelligent approach by keeping France away from super-powers. Thus, he proved to be a vital personality in the recovery of France and its people for freedom.
Sir William Wallace was a Scottish knight. He gained fame as one of the pioneers amid the Wars of Scottish Independence. Despite knowing the consequences of standing up against the English men, he kept on working hard for the Scottish. Wallace defeated an English armed force at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in September 1297. He worked together with Andrew Moray. He was designated Guardian of Scotland and served until his demise at the Battle of Falkirk in July 1298.
English king offered a large sum of money to anyone who killed or captured him. Wallace was seized in August 1305, and transported to London. He was charged and tried with treason. William denied all charges. He was executed in 1305. His body was cut off after execution and the head was placed on London Bridge. His limbs were put on display in Newcastle, Berwick, Stirling and Perth. Since his death, Wallace has acquired a famous status all around the UK specifically Scotland.
A Russian communist by nature, he developed his revolutionist nature after seeing the execution of his brother in 1887. He studied law and eventually moved to St. Petersburg. This led him to meet many oppressed, exiled Russians. He grouped up with some revolutionists and began a campaign. The campaign included the spreading of communist ideas by paper to even going openly against the government physically. He leaded the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution.
This led to the formation of Russia and afterward the more extensive Soviet Union turned into a one-party comrade state represented by the Russian Communist Party. Lenin is regarded by many as the most significant political leader of the century. Not only in the former Soviet Union but also among many non-Communist states, he has been noted as a greatest revolutionary leader, thinker and indeed one of the greatest freedom fighters of all time.
Fidel Castro was one of the pioneers to lead the Cuban Revolution and was the head of Cuba’s government until 2008. Starting in 1958, Castro started a crusade of guerrilla fighting to effectively topple Cuban despot Fulgencio Batista. Castro turned into the nation’s new pioneer. His comrade household arrangements and military and monetary relations with the Soviet Union prompted strained relations with the United States.
Under Castro, changes were made to social policies and health and education were established with great attention. In January 1966, Castro established the Organization for Solidarity with the Peoples of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. This helped promote revolution and communists ideas. In 1967, he therefore framed the Latin American Solidarity Organization to encourage revolutions for the oppression in several Latin American nations.
Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893, in Shaoshan, Hunan Province, China. He established his ideas for communism in China by watching the success of the Russian Revolution. Mao therefore joined as one of the first members of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921. He established an alliance with the Chinese leader Sun Yat-sen. However, Sun Yat-Sen’s successor proved to be against communism so he broke the alliance. So Mao Zedong led a small army of farmers for the sake of freedom and communism in China.
However, they got easily defeated. Upon several small uprisings by the communists, they realized that it was time to act wisely. Under the leadership of Mao Zedong, in a short period of time, almost 10 small states were established influenced by communism. This enraged the government and they decided to attack. At this time Mao Zedong led a Long March to retreat from the government’s attacks. It was here when he gained popularity from the Long March. He emerged as the Communist Leader. He led the Chinese against war with Japan and introduced revolutionary steps to build a modern China. Due to leading such a large nation with diligence, he is 3rd on the list of the top 10 greatest freedom fighters of the world.
Mahatma Gandhi is the one of the greatest Indian freedom fighter of 20th century. Gandhi united the whole India in the struggle of independence of the country. His most famous non-violence methods really works and at the end British handed over the sub-continent to its people. Indian movement for independence was managed and spearheaded by Mahatma Gandhi. He laid various civil rights movements for his country freedom. Gandhi stood firm in every hardness leading his nation from the front. He inspired the whole world with his strong determination and the non-violence approach.
Nelson Mandela spent his young life battling for the flexibility of South Africa’s dark and hued populace from mistreatment forced by the minority government. Not long after discharge, he turned into the supreme president of South Africa in which all the general population could vote regardless of race, nationality or any other social factors. For 20 years, he coordinated a peaceful rebellion against the South African government for its bigot strategies. In 1993, Mandela and South African President F.W. de Klerk were together granted the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to disassemble the nation’s racial framework.
He was detained for a long span of 27 years in prison. In 1994, Mandela was appointed as South Africa’s first dark president.He always urged upon the need to work in cooperation and peace, no matter what race an individual belonged to. He was a symbol of forgiveness and peace. He came out with no bitterness, forgiving his enemies despite the extreme and excruciating hardships he was confronted with. No doubt he is the best freedom fighter of the world!
The list is incomplete without mentioned some of the other greatest freedom fighters across the world.